The Thirty-fifth organized at Lagrange, in Franklin, April 1862. Ordered to Corinth, it was there brigaded under Gen. Breckinridge. It followed that officer to Louisiana, and took part in the attack on Baton Rouge, losing quite a number. It was part of the force with which Van Dorn assaulted Corinth, and the Thirty-fifth was a severe loser in the casualties of that fierce struggle. Placed under Gen. Buford, the regiment was under fire at the first bombardment of Port Hudson. It passed some time in that vicinity, and in May 1863 the regiment was engaged at Baker's Creek with light loss. Escaping the perils of Vicksburg by following Gen. Loring out of the battle, the Thirty-fifth was soon after sent to the Army of Tennessee; but in February 1864 went back to Mississippi to confront Sherman's advance. The regiment was now in the brigade of Gen. T.B. Scott of Louisiana, consisting of the Twenty-seventh, Forty-ninth, Fifty-fifth, and Fifty-seventh Alabama, and Twelfth Louisiana. Rejoining the Army of Tennessee, the Thirty-fifth was part of the resolute column that stood in front of Sherman's army during the great struggle in north Georgia, and in the bloody and fruitless sacrifices made before the gates of Atlanta. During that time it lost largely, 65 being killed or wounded July 22 at Atlanta, and 27 on the 28th following. The regiment moved into Tennessee with Gen. Hood, and was in the advance in the attack on the outpost at Decatur, where it lost 35 killed and wounded. At the bloody shambles of Franklin, the Thirty-fifth lost 150 killed and wounded, or one-half its effective force. The loss at Nashville was light, and the remnant of the regiment proceeded eastward to renew the then hopeless struggle in the Carolinas. The Thirty-fifth was surrendered with the Army of Tennessee.
Field and Staff
Colonels - James W. Robertson of Franklin; resigned. Edwin Goodwin of Franklin; died in the service. Samuel S. Ives of Lauderdale; wounded at Franklin.
Lieutenant Colonels - Edwin Goodwin; promoted. Samuel S. Ives; promoted. A.E. Ashford of Lawrence.
Majors Wm. Hunt of Franklin; transferred. S.S. Ives; promoted. A.E. Ashford; promoted. John S. Dickson of Madison; killed at Franklin.
Captains, and Counties from Which the Companies Came.
Lawrence - Richard O. Picket; captured at Corinth; resigned. Ezekiel Johnson.
Lauderdale - W.B. Taylor; resigned. J.B. Patton; wounded at Franklin.
Lawrence - A.E. Ashford; promoted. . . . . . . Tathem.
Lauderdale - Samuel S. Ives; wounded at Baton Rouge; promoted. J.R. Mitchell; wounded at Corinth.
Limestone - John West.
Limestone - L.N. Martin.
Madison - John S. Dickson; promoted. Joseph Brown.
Madison - . . . . Peavy; resigned. J.A. Flanagan.
Franklin - Thaddeus Felton; killed at Corinth. John Harris; died in the service. Sam'l D. Stewart; killed at Franklin.
Franklin - Red Jones.
Col James W. Robertson
Pvt Charles Miles Patterson Hampton
Maj William Henry Hunt
Pvt Frederick Moseley Nelson
Capt Samuel D. Stewart
Pvt Stephen Eason
Pvt Burgess Miller
Pvt William H. Pope
The 73rd Indiana was organized at South Bend, Indiana and mustered in August
16, 1862 for a 3 Year Enlistment. It left the state at once for Lexington, Kentucky, but
moved to Louisville early in September. It was assigned to the 20th
Brigade, 6th Division of Buell’s Army, and joined in the pursuit of
Bragg. It was in reserve at Perryville and continued in pursuit of the enemy as
far as Wild Cat. It returned to Glasgow, Kentucky, and moved thence to Gallatin,
Tennessee, where it surprised the enemy and rove him from the field, capturing
19 prisoners. The regiment marched into Nashville on November 26, then
proceeded to Lebanon, where it was in a skirmish, and moved with Rosecrans’
army to Stone’s river, which the regiment crossed on the evening of December
29, in company with the 51st, being the first of the army to make
the crossing. The 73rd was compelled to recross the river under the
fire of an entire division, and it was in sharp skirmishing on the 30th.
On the 31st, its brigade double-quicked a mile and a half to
reinforce the right wing which had been crowded back a distance of 2 miles,
taking a position and engaging twice its numbers. It fought at close range for
20 minutes, losing more than one-third the number engaged, then charged and
drove the force in its front from the field. The advance of a brigade on its
flank compelled it to fall back a short distance, but the enemy’s advance had
been checked and the right wing saved. Rosecrans complimented the regiment in
person after the battle. In these operations the regiment was under fire at the
front for six days, and was so completely exhausted it was placed in reserve on
January 3, 1863. Its loss was 2 killed, 46 wounded, and 36 missing. It was
assigned to Colonel Streight’s independent provisional brigade on April 10, and
accompanied it to Eastport, Mississippi, where it was mounted and moved to
Tuscumbia, Alabama, from which place it started on the raid into Georgia. At
Day’s gap this brigade, number 1,500, was attacked by 4,000 of Forrest’s and
Roddey’s cavalry. The 73rd, on the left flak, repulse a fierce
charge and the whole brigade then charged the enemy, driving him from the field.
The enemy reformed during the day and made a second attack at Crooked creek,
but was repulsed with a heavy loss. The brigade was again attacked at Blount’s
farm, the 73rd bearing the brunt of the fight, and Col Hathaway
being killed. At Cedar bluffs, utterly exhausted, almost out of ammunition and
surrounded, the brigade surrendered. The men were sent north on parole and
later exchanged, but the officers were sent to prison. Returning to the field
several months later, the regiment, under Maj Wade, who had been released by
the prison authorities, was placed on guard duty along the Louisville &
Nashville railroad, with its headquarters at Triune. After several minor encounters
with the enemy it was attached to the 1st Brigade, 4th
Division, 20th Corps, and during the summer of 1864, it defended
Prospect, Tennessee, against Wheeler’s raid. It was ordered to Decatur,
Alabama, in September 1864, and thence to Athens, which place it occupied and
put in an excellent state for defense, including a bomb proof in the fort. In
October, 4,000 of Buford’s cavalry with 4 pieces of artillery, appeared and
drove in the pickets, and next morning opened a heavy artillery fire, but inflicted
no damage. A demand for the surrender of the fort was refused and the fight
continued, the enemy being repulsed with heavy loss. The garrison numbered but
500. The regiment was ordered to Decatur to assist in the defense of that
point, where the garrison of 5,000 held off Hood’s army of 35,000 from October
26 to 30, the enemy finally withdrawing. The winter was passed at Stevenson,
Huntsville and Larkinsville on railroad guard duty, the regiment being engaged
in numerous skirmishes, and it was mustered out at Nashville July 1, 1865. The
recruits were transferred to the 29th Indiana, serving with that
regiment until it was mustered out. The original strength of the 73rd
was 1,020; gain by recruits, 149, total, 1,169. Loss by death, 229; desertion,
74; unaccounted for, 5.
20th Brigade, 6th Division, Army of the Ohio – September 1862
20th Brigade, 6th Division, II Corps, Army of the Ohio – to November 1862
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Left Wing, XIV Corps, Army of the Cumberland – To January 1863
3rd Brigade, 1st Division, XXI Corps, Army of the Cumberland – To April 1863
Streight’s Provisional Brigade, Department of the Cumberland – To May 1863
Prisoners of War – To January 1864
1st Brigade, District of Nashville, Tennessee, Department of the Cumberland – January 1864
1st Brigade, Rousseau’s 3rd Division, XII Corps, Army of the Cumberland – To April 1864
1st Brigade, 4th Division, XX Corps, Department of the Cumberland – To March 1865
District of Northern Alabama, Department of the Cumberland – To June 1865
Mustered Out of Service – July 1, 1865
Ordered to Lexington, Kentucky. Evacuation of Lexington – August 31, 1862
Pursuit of Bragg, to London, Kentucky – October 1 – 22, 1862
Battle of Perryville, Kentucky – October 8, 1862 (Reserve)
March to Nashville, Tennessee – October 22 – November 9, 1862
Duty in Nashville, Tennessee – November 9 – December 26, 1862
Advance on Murfreesboro, Tennessee – December 26-30, 1862
Battle of Stones River – December 30 – 31, 1862 & January 1 – 3, 1863
Duty at Murfreesboro – January 3 – April, 1863
Reconnaissance to Nolensville and Versailles – January 13-15, 1863
Streight’s Raid to Rome, Georgia – April 26 – May 3rd, 1863
Day’s Cap, Sand Mountain, Crooked Creek and Hog Mountail – April 30, 1863
East Branch, Black Warrior Creek – May 1, 1863
Blount’s Farm and Center – May 2, 1863
Cedar Bluff (Regiment Captured) – May 3, 1863
Reorganized and rejoined army at Nashville, Tennessee – December 1863
Guard Duty along Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad, and Picketing Tennessee River from Draper’s Ferry to Limestone Point. Headquarters at Triana, Alabama – December 1863 – September 1864.
Paint Rock Bridge – April 8, 1864
Scout from Triana to Somerville – July 29, 1864 (Detachment)
Action at Athens, Alabama – October 1 – 2, 1864
Defense of Decatur – October 26 – 29, 1864
Duty at Stevenson, Alabama – October 29, 1864 to January 1865.
At Huntsville, Alabama, and along Mobile & Charleston Railroad – January 1865 – July 1865
Gurley’s Tank – February 16, 1865 (detachment)
In 1861, many LaGrange cadets left to join the Confederate Army. Consequently, the Academy was forced to suspend classes on March 1, 1862. Only two cadets had graduated. Major Robertson was authorized to organize the 35th Alabama Infantry Regiment, C.S.A. He was elected colonel and the remaining cadets formed part of one company. The regiment was mustered into the Confederate Army on March 12, 1862, for three years. On April 28, 1863, the 10th Missouri Calvary of the Union Army, known as the "Destroying Angels," commanded by Col. Florence M. Comyn, burned the Military Academy, the nearby La Fayette Female Academy, many businesses, and homes. The village of LaGrange dwindled away. In 1995, LaGrange Park was transferred from the Alabama Historical Commission to the LaGrange Living Historical Association. Thereafter, the site of Alabama's first chartered college was enhanced and stands today as a historical landmark.
Listed on Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage in 1976.
Cdt-Capt Thaddeus W. Felton
Cdt George Taylor Rather
Cdt Samuel Robert Meredith
Cdt John Drury Vinson
Cdt William Benjamin Ford
Cdt-Capt Peyton L. Wade
Cdt James Alston McKinstry
Cdt-Sgt Maj Robert Thompson Coles
Cdt F.M. Handley
Cdt Joseph Miller Rand
Cdt William Hickman Clopton
Cdt-Cpl Thomas Edward Stanley
Cdt Polk Cleere
Cdt James Mason Cotnam