Living History Association

35th Alabama Infantry & 73rd Indiana Infantry Regiment

Click here to edit subtitle

Directive Uniforme du Bataillon de la Garde d’Orléans,

Impression Spéciale pour la 160ème Bataille de Shiloh.

Uniform Guideline of the Orleans Guard Battalion,

Special Impression for the 160th Battle of Shiloh.

“The Orleans Guard Battalion, which was designated the 13th Louisiana Battalion, wore a dark blue frock and pants, and red forage cap for full dress. By February 1861 they had a fatigue uniform composed of ‘dark blue kepis… jackets or short coats and pants of the same color, all trimmed with red, black belts and caotouche boxes’.” – Description of the Orleans Guard Battalion dress uniform as found in Kenn Wood’s The Soldier’s Words, published by Page Publishing of New York in 2015.

A private in the Orleans Guard Battalion.

General Appearance Rules

The uniform guideline for the Orleans Guard Battalion must be enforced. The “mainstream” company will be permitted to loosely enforce the guideline, but must still feature dark blue trousers, dark blue jacket, and dark blue kepi.


Hair should be worn in a style appropriate to the period.

 

Modern glasses are not permitted, and must be replaced with either period frames with your prescription lenses, or with the use of contact lenses.


Tobacco products, if used, must be used in the form of pipes, cigars, snuff, chew, or filter-less cigarettes.

Headwear

The kepis shown in the images above are taken from Quartermaster Shop, which sells each version.

The preferred kepi is to be made of dark blue wool in the chasseur style, with gold sautache braid along the top of the band, the sides, and a gold circle on top of the crown. Officers are permitted the use of the officer’s kepi, which has a dark blue band and red sides and top, and has the gold sautache braid in the appropriate number of their rank, plus one additional row along the top of the band. All kepis are to be worn with no brass or embroidered badges.


Kepis will be available through Goober Grabber Headwear for $100.00 for the basic Private's kepi, adding $15 to $20 per rank (Lieutenant = 1 row, Captain = 2, Major = 3).

Jacket

This jacket belonged to a member of the Washington Artillery, of which the Orleans Guard appears to have based their uniform on. It is unclear if the Orleans Guard wore the epaulets, leaving the option to the wearer. The painting is of a private of the Washington Artillery, again giving us a glimpse as to what the uniform may have looked like.

The jacket is to be a dark blue wool shell-jacket with a ten-button front and trimmed in red pipping in the pattern of the image above. Non-commissioned officers are to wear red chevrons.

 

The full-dress uniform of the battalion features a frock-coat of dark blue wool and appears to be following the M1851 U.S. uniform regulation. Brass shoulder scales appropriate to rank are to be worn with this coat.

 

Officers are to wear a dark blue single-breasted frock-coat without trim or facings. The badge to denote rank are to be either U.S. style shoulder boards of appropriate rank and red background, or U.S. gold shoulder epaulets of appropriate rank. If, however, the officer wishes to wear a more common Confederate uniform, it will be permitted.

 

All frock-coats, if worn, are to feature a buttonhole on each side of the bottom of the skirt, permitting the wearer to button them behind and allow more leg movement.

 

As the Garde was made of elite New Orleans citizens, pocket watches are encouraged, as are pockets sewn on the jacket for the watch.

 

The dark blue U.S. shell-jacket or sack-coat will be permitted if the jacket is not obtainable, though this should be extremely limited, and highly discouraged.


Diane Stone, seamstress in Huntsville, Alabama, is willing to make these jackets for $70. Wambaugh, White & Co are also willing to make the jackets, and have seen the jacket pictured in person. No official price from Wambaugh, although ballpark figure is $300.

Trousers

The images to the left are paintings of members of the Washington Artillery. The image on the far left is of a private, while the image on the right is of a major. Notice the wide leg stripes in red and gold.

Trousers are to be of a civilian pattern in dark blue wool with pockets along the seam, rather than the popular “mule ear” variant. A 1 1/4th inch red stripe on each leg is to be worn for all enlisted men, while a 1 1/4th inch gold stripe is to be worn by officers. No grey, butternut, red, white, sky blue, or light blue trousers will be permitted.


Diane Stone, seamstress in Huntsville, Alabama, is willing to make these trousers for $70. Wambaugh, White & Co are also willing to make the trousers. No official price from Wambaugh, although ballpark figure is $200.

Buttons

The images above are of the front and back of a button belonging to a member of the Orleans Guard Battalion.

All jackets and kepis are to have the Garde d’Orléans buttons. I will be trying to contact a manufacturer of buttons and get an estimate as soon as possible. It has an eagle with drooped wings and the unit’s name. The back states “Superfin” and “Paris”, indicating manufacturing in Paris, France.


Antike Costume/Empire Costumes of Dinard, France, has contacted a 100+ year old button manufacturer in France for us. We are waiting for the price of the buttons.

Gaiters

Gaiters of white canvas or cotton are to be worn with the trousers pulled over them.

Footwear

The New Orleans Kip brogans, or civilian shoes such as the civilian low quarter lace or balmoral, are the preferred footwear for this impression.

Wool or cotton knit socks are also required.

The mentioned footwear can be purchased at Missouri Boot and Shoe for $225.00 for the New Orleans Kip, $250.00 for the Balmoral, and $220.00 for the low quarter lace shoes.

Knapsack

The image is of a hardpack worn by a member of the Washington Artillery.

Knapsacks are to be of the pre-war militia hardpack style with a blanket rolled on top. The Mexican-war style, and C.S. copy of the Mexican-war style single bag knapsacks is also permitted.

Haversack

Again, we are left with best guesses, as the image we have to base our impression upon does not have a haversack. Seeing as how the uniform largely conforms to that of the M1851 regulations, I find it likely that the M1851 Haversack would be used. Other documented styles of Confederate haversacks will also be permitted.

Canteens

From left to right; a wooden canteen, the M1858 U.S. canteen, a tin drum canteen, a filtered canteen patented by Charles Bartholomae, and the Modèle 1858 French canteen. Notice how the French canteen is similar to the filtered Bartholomae canteen.

The image of the Garde d’Orléans soldat is without a visible canteen, so I have listed several options that I believe are likely to have passed through the hands of the Orleans Guard. I did find evidence that the Washington Artillery used the M1858 U.S. canteen. Owing to the Creolé and French makeup of the Bataillon, and that they did find their way into use by Confederate troops, I have also included the Modèle 1858 French canteen. In order of preference; M1858 U.S., M1858 French, Bartholomae patent, Wooden, and Tin Drum. Bullseye canteens should be highly discouraged.


The French and Bartholomae canteens may be purchased from Hot Dip Tin.

Accoutrements

Magee, Horter & George of New Orleans, Louisiana supplied most State troops with accoutrements. They were also used at the C.S. Arsenal in Baton Rouge. The Baton Rouge version copies the M1839 U.S. box, which does not have straps for a sling.

 

Officers are to wear sabre-belts with pre-war or early-war Louisiana militia buckles.

Arms

Pictured from the top; M1855 U.S. Rifled Musket (.58 Caliber), M1842 U.S. Musket (.69 Caliber), M1816 U.S. Musket Conversion (.69 Caliber), M1861 U.S. Rifled Musket (.58 Caliber), Modèle 1857 French Rifled Musket (.70 Caliber), and the P1853 British Rifled Musket (.577 Caliber)

When the federal arsenal in Baton Rouge was captured, two units were partially supplied with the M1855 U.S. Rifled Musket; the 1st Regular Louisiana Infantry, and the Orleans Guard Battalion. As such it is the preferred musket for this impression. Also permitted will be other Springfield/Harper’s Ferry muskets and rifled-muskets, the P1853 British Rifled Musket, and the M1857 French Rifled Musket.