Living History Association

35th Alabama Infantry & 73rd Indiana Infantry Regiment

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73rd Regiment Indiana Volunteer Infantry.

National Standard of the 73rd Regiment Indiana Volunteer Infantry.

Regimental Standard of the 73rd Regiment Indiana Volunteer Infantry.

Summary

The 73rd Indiana was organized at South Bend, Indiana and mustered in August 16, 1862 for a 3 Year Enlistment. It left the state at once for Lexington, Kentucky, but moved to Louisville early in September. It was assigned to the 20th Brigade, 6th Division of Buell’s Army, and joined in the pursuit of Bragg. It was in reserve at Perryville and continued in pursuit of the enemy as far as Wild Cat. It returned to Glasgow, Kentucky, and moved thence to Gallatin, Tennessee, where it surprised the enemy and rove him from the field, capturing 19 prisoners. The regiment marched into Nashville on November 26, then proceeded to Lebanon, where it was in a skirmish, and moved with Rosecrans’ army to Stone’s river, which the regiment crossed on the evening of December 29, in company with the 51st, being the first of the army to make the crossing. The 73rd was compelled to recross the river under the fire of an entire division, and it was in sharp skirmishing on the 30th. On the 31st, its brigade double-quicked a mile and a half to reinforce the right wing which had been crowded back a distance of 2 miles, taking a position and engaging twice its numbers. It fought at close range for 20 minutes, losing more than one-third the number engaged, then charged and drove the force in its front from the field. The advance of a brigade on its flank compelled it to fall back a short distance, but the enemy’s advance had been checked and the right wing saved. Rosecrans complimented the regiment in person after the battle. In these operations the regiment was under fire at the front for six days, and was so completely exhausted it was placed in reserve on January 3, 1863. Its loss was 2 killed, 46 wounded, and 36 missing. It was assigned to Colonel Streight’s independent provisional brigade on April 10, and accompanied it to Eastport, Mississippi, where it was mounted and moved to Tuscumbia, Alabama, from which place it started on the raid into Georgia. At Day’s gap this brigade, number 1,500, was attacked by 4,000 of Forrest’s and Roddey’s cavalry. The 73rd, on the left flak, repulse a fierce charge and the whole brigade then charged the enemy, driving him from the field. The enemy reformed during the day and made a second attack at Crooked creek, but was repulsed with a heavy loss. The brigade was again attacked at Blount’s farm, the 73rd bearing the brunt of the fight, and Col Hathaway being killed. At Cedar bluffs, utterly exhausted, almost out of ammunition and surrounded, the brigade surrendered. The men were sent north on parole and later exchanged, but the officers were sent to prison. Returning to the field several months later, the regiment, under Maj Wade, who had been released by the prison authorities, was placed on guard duty along the Louisville & Nashville railroad, with its headquarters at Triune. After several minor encounters with the enemy it was attached to the 1st Brigade, 4th Division, 20th Corps, and during the summer of 1864, it defended Prospect, Tennessee, against Wheeler’s raid. It was ordered to Decatur, Alabama, in September 1864, and thence to Athens, which place it occupied and put in an excellent state for defense, including a bomb proof in the fort. In October, 4,000 of Buford’s cavalry with 4 pieces of artillery, appeared and drove in the pickets, and next morning opened a heavy artillery fire, but inflicted no damage. A demand for the surrender of the fort was refused and the fight continued, the enemy being repulsed with heavy loss. The garrison numbered but 500. The regiment was ordered to Decatur to assist in the defense of that point, where the garrison of 5,000 held off Hood’s army of 35,000 from October 26 to 30, the enemy finally withdrawing. The winter was passed at Stevenson, Huntsville and Larkinsville on railroad guard duty, the regiment being engaged in numerous skirmishes, and it was mustered out at Nashville July 1, 1865. The recruits were transferred to the 29th Indiana, serving with that regiment until it was mustered out. The original strength of the 73rd was 1,020; gain by recruits, 149, total, 1,169. Loss by death, 229; desertion, 74; unaccounted for, 5.

Assignments;

20th Brigade, 6th Division, Army of the Ohio – September 1862

20th Brigade, 6th Division, II Corps, Army of the Ohio – to November 1862

3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Left Wing, XIV Corps, Army of the Cumberland – To January 1863

3rd Brigade, 1st Division, XXI Corps, Army of the Cumberland – To April 1863

Streight’s Provisional Brigade, Department of the Cumberland – To May 1863

Prisoners of War – To January 1864

1st Brigade, District of Nashville, Tennessee, Department of the Cumberland – January 1864

1st Brigade, Rousseau’s 3rd Division, XII Corps, Army of the Cumberland – To April 1864

1st Brigade, 4th Division, XX Corps, Department of the Cumberland – To March 1865

District of Northern Alabama, Department of the Cumberland – To June 1865

Mustered Out of Service – July 1, 1865


Detailed History

Ordered to Lexington, Kentucky. Evacuation of Lexington – August 31, 1862

Pursuit of Bragg, to London, Kentucky – October 1 – 22, 1862

Battle of Perryville, Kentucky – October 8, 1862 (Reserve)

March to Nashville, Tennessee – October 22 – November 9, 1862

Duty in Nashville, Tennessee – November 9 – December 26, 1862

Advance on Murfreesboro, Tennessee – December 26-30, 1862

Battle of Stones River – December 30 – 31, 1862 & January 1 – 3, 1863

Duty at Murfreesboro – January 3 – April, 1863

Reconnaissance to Nolensville and Versailles – January 13-15, 1863

Streight’s Raid to Rome, Georgia – April 26 – May 3rd, 1863

Day’s Cap, Sand Mountain, Crooked Creek and Hog Mountail – April 30, 1863

East Branch, Black Warrior Creek – May 1, 1863

Blount’s Farm and Center – May 2, 1863

Cedar Bluff (Regiment Captured) – May 3, 1863

Reorganized and rejoined army at Nashville, Tennessee – December 1863

Guard Duty along Nashville & Chattanooga Railroad, and Picketing Tennessee River from Draper’s Ferry to Limestone Point. Headquarters at Triana, Alabama – December 1863 – September 1864.

Paint Rock Bridge – April 8, 1864

Scout from Triana to Somerville – July 29, 1864 (Detachment)

Action at Athens, Alabama – October 1 – 2, 1864

Defense of Decatur – October 26 – 29, 1864

Duty at Stevenson, Alabama – October 29, 1864 to January 1865.

At Huntsville, Alabama, and along Mobile & Charleston Railroad – January 1865 – July 1865

Gurley’s Tank – February 16, 1865 (detachment)

Sources;
  • Indiana State Library. Civil War Photos: Regiments 66-80. http://www.in.gov/library/2507.htm. Accessed 15 Sept 2017.
  • Seventy-Third Indiana Regimental Association. History of the Seventy-Third Indiana Volunteers in the War of 1861-65. Carnahan Press, 1909.